(Ankara – 14 August 2012)
I. THE RATIONALE
Continuing to lose blood, Syria is now faced with the prospect of possible disintegration and the division of the country. The crisis has entered a new phase with the resignation of Kofi Annan, the UN Secretary General’s and the Arab League’s Special Envoy for Syria. Kofi Annan held the conflicting sides and international community responsible for the current situation and the extension of violence in the country. Lack of a functional consensus among the permanent members of the UN Security Council on a common approach and strategy has exacerbated the problem. Turkey, a pivotal neighbor, has failed to use its influence effectively for the settlement of the crisis.
Turkey must not and cannot allow Syria collapse or remain oblivious to the continuation of violence there, with the ever escalating suffering of the Syrian people. Turkey should also try to contain the crisis and prevent its spillover into the region. Hence, Turkey has to make a new start, placing its weight and influence in favor of peace, reconciliation, stability and trust in its neighborhood.
II. THE PROBLEM
The Syrian problem is one imposed from without by foreign powers trying to manipulate toward their own ends and interests the legitimate expectations of the people for democracy, freedom and for a dignified life. Outsiders are attempting to determine the future of the country according to their own priorities, in disregard of the will of the Syrian people.
The on-going conflict may well result in the fragmentation of Syria and affect the territorial integrity of other states in the region. This is a strong possibility indeed.
III. THE GOALS OF THE SOLUTION
The solution of the Syrian crisis should generate the following results:
- The end of violence,
- The protection of the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of the country,
- Guaranteeing the existence and the rights of all religious, sectarian and ethnic groups in the country on the basis of constitutional and international law,
- The establishment of an order founded on democracy, the rule of law, human rights and basic freedoms.
IV. THE PROCESS AND THE METHOD
- The Turkish Grand National Assembly convenes at an extraordinary session and calls for the international conference described in paragraph 2.
- Under the auspices of the UN Secretary-General, an international conference is convoked with the participation of the permanent members of the UN Security Council, the Arab League, the EU, Iran, the Arab neighbors of Syria and Turkey.
- Representatives of the Syrian regime and the opposition are also invited to the conference and it should be ensured that the representatives of the two sides are fully empowered by their respective authorities.
- The conference takes place in three stages:
First stage – Opening: In the first part, the participants state their views and expectations.
Second stage – In the second part, during a 15-day period, the representatives of the Syrian regime and of the opposition commence and complete their negotiations under the supervision of the UN Secretary-General. In other words, the second stage is to be the key phase of the Conference where Syrians will have the opportunity and the responsibility to determine the future of their country and their destiny.
Third and last stage – the Conference reconvenes after the 15-day break. The UN Secretary General prepares a report, reflecting the agreement between the Syrians sides. The report is to be presented to the UN Security Council for its approval.
- In the second stage of the Conference, the two Syrian sides would be expected to come to an agreement covering the points mentioned below. The negotiations are to continue uninterrupted under the auspices of the UN Secretary-General until an agreement is reached.
b) Accord on the de facto situation on the field,
c) Guaranteeing and securing the existence, identity, rights and freedoms of all religious, sectarian, ethnic and other different groups in the country,
d) The release of detainees not involved in criminal acts,
e) Ensuring the flow of humanitarian aid,
f) Determining the conditions for the return of those who fled from Syria,
g) Specifying the conditions and the calendar of the political transition process,
h) Identifying the ways and means of preparing a new Constitution and the laws regarding political parties and the elections,
i) Listing Syria’s expectations and contributions from the UN Security Council and the international community.
- The conclusions of the Conference should be put into a binding UN Security Council resolution.
- The UN Security Council should be seized of the implementation of the agreement reached by constituting a Monitoring Committee consisting of an appropriate number of the UNSC members that will report to the UNSC at brief intervals.
- To assist the implementation of the agreement reached, an international peace-keeping force should be formed by the UNSC.